Life expectancy at birth in Burma (years):
Human Development Report 2010, UNDP
Determinants of Health
1. Lifestyle: behaviors & attitudes toward health
2. Medical service: access, care, prevention, quality, and cost of services
3. Heredity: genetic make-up
4. Environment: physical, social, political, and economic
Factors that prolong lifespan
1. Personal hygiene practices: bathing and washing hands with soap, brushing and flossing teeth
2. Nutritional intake: eat a balanced diet as well as fresh fruits and vegetables, use olive oil, no more than 3 eggs a week, less lipid, salt and sugar
3. Water intake: 6-8 cups a day, fresh water
4. Exercise behavior: keep active, 20-30 minutes a day, 3-5 days per week, avoid direct sunlight between 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.
5. Healthy weight: keep your body weight within a normal range
6. Healthy lifestyle: no smoking, alcohol, drug, and gambling
7. Healthy family: love, understanding, and patience
8. Social wellbeing: safe occupation, participate in association, prayer in groups
9. Sleep patterns: 6-8 hours a day, go to bed before midnight
Factors that shorten lifespan
A history of heavy drinking cuts the life span by up to 25 years.
The lifespan of an obese person is up to 8-10 years shorter than that of a normal-weight person.
Cigarette smoking cuts 10 years off average lifespan.
Health Risk & Lifestyle
Of all premature death:
50 % of is lifestyle
20 % genetics
10 % inadequate access to care
7. Heart disease
Ten Leading Causes of Disability Adjusted Life Years at Age 15-44 Years in the World, 1990
Source: Murray CLJ, Lopez AD. The Global Burden of Disease. Geneva: World Health Organization; 1996:270.
Document findings in patient’s chart:
Called by charge nurse to pronounce Mr./Ms. ______ dead. Patient examined, unresponsive to verbal or tactile stimuli, no spontaneous respond noted, heart sounds not audible, pulses absent, pupils fixed & dilated.
Patient pronounced dead at ______ .
Next to kin to be contacted by attending.
Most state prison systems use sodium thiopental to put inmates to sleep before administering pancuronium bromide, a paralyzing agent, and potassium chloride, which stops the heart.
III. Health Care
Current medical treatment
Spiritual healing by others
Update 12 January 2011
US Medical School Notes